A list of the fruits
Name Growth Char Fruit Uses
All Doer A large vigorous tree, slightly spreading, upright. Can grow to a great age. Flowering period mid April, attractive white blossom. Regular fruiting, moderate to heavy crop, possibly self fertile. Disease Resistance: very good resistance to scab, some susceptibility to canker. shape - large round conical, slight ribs. skin - smooth, yellow/green with 1/3 dull red flush, small grey lenticels, slight russet round stalk stem – medium, protruding slightly. Cavity – shallow, wide. eye - basin - ribbed, bumpy, shallow. Calyx - Sepals closed pinched, grey, reflexed tips. flesh – a fine sweet-sharp flavour sweet, dry, tender and yellowish in colour. aroma - slight. Cooker– goes to a puree becoming grey. Sweet, mild slightly honey taste. Juice – sweet, greenish in colour oxidises quickly. Cider - Sharp, useful in blends.
Ashton Bittersweet An upright compact tree.Tends to be biennial cropping, From Long Ashton, Somerset 1947. A cross between Dabinett and Stoke Red. Flowering Period: Late
Disease Resistance: Very good resistance to scab and restistant to tip rot
Full Bittersweet Cider
Ashton Brown Jersey Cider
Beauty of Bath A large spreading tree, moderately vigorous. Annual bearer. disease resistance – prone to scab and canker. flowering period - late April-early May. blossom - cropping - Heavy. Shape - flat, round, medium size. Skin- smooth becoming greasy, yellow bright red/orange flecked flush, slight russet sometimes round stem. Stem – short, thick, projecting distinctly, cavity - shallow Eye – Basin - puckered open/wide. Calyx – deep, sepals – upright green, slightly open Flesh – crisp, fine and tender, yellowish in colour. Flavour – Sharp and sweet with a slight scented aroma. Aroma – scented, delicate and fruity. Dessert – useful early apple. Culinary - N/A Juice – refreshing, sweet with a tang, very slight pear drop flavour, light pink/brown colour. Cider - makes a good early blend.
Beauty of Cornwall
Bell Apple A distinctly shaped apple once common in Somerset and East Devon. Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Some scab resistance
Sweet Culinary: Cider:
Bens Red Makes a strong heavy cropping tree. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab
Sweet Crisp apples delicious straight from the tree but soften within a few weeks. Dessert
Bere Alston
Bickington Grey Flowering Period: Mid Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab Shape - medium 45-55 mm conical lopsided Skin- yellow rough, dry, dull. Small grey conspicuous lenticels. Flush – rare, trace, pink/orange, diffuse. Russet - spreading netted. Stem - short thick projecting slightly lopsided, shallow cavity. Eye - basin - pinched unevenly bumpy, closed sepals. Calyx - reflexed tips closed. Flesh – juicy crisp firm yellowish colour. Taste - sweet, fresh, sharp. Aroma – none Dessert - sharp, sweet Culinary - N/A Cider - Pale, sharp Juice - sharp, sweet and yellow, browns quickly.
Billy Down Pippin Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Dessert/Cider
Black Dabinett Moderately vigorous tree. Heavy cropping Flowering Period: 4 Disease Resistance: Some scab resistance Medium/large apple, bluish-purple colour. very distinctive. Medium Bittersweet Cider: A vintage quality cider apple, capable of making good quality single variety cider.
Black Tom Putt Much darker red than Tom Putt and a late keeper. Flowering Period: Early Disease Resistance: Scab resistant Sharp Culinary:
Blackamore Red Tall single stemmed, upright growth. Annual cropper. Disease resistance - good, a healthy tree. Flowering period - Blossom - Cropping - heavy Shape – regular, round, smoothly ribbed, slightly five crowned Size – medium large to large Skin- pale green, variably speckled and striped with deep red, often completely covered with mahogany flush. Flesh – white with a very slight green tinge, creamy texture, firm and juicy. Flavour – slightly sweet, acid Aroma - Culinary – Remains intact, white in colour, sweet slightly acid flavour. Cider - probably single variety. Juice - good flavour, pale in colour
Blackwell Red
Blue Sweet Fairly vigorous, thin stems, upright growth. Can be Bienniel disease resistance – good, some scab resistance. flowering period – mid May cropping – good, fairly heavy Shape – round flat medium 45-55mm Skin – smooth, yellow/green, waxy, dull. Lenticels – grey large colour, Russet – slight, eye only. Stem – long, projecting considerably. Eye – basin ribbed beading, calyx - long closed sepals reflexed/tips Flush – usually more than a third, dark red, blue blush, diffuse flecked short stripes Flesh – dry, soft, fine, greenish colour. Taste – bland. Aroma – fruity, slight Dessert N/A Culinary N/A Cider - fairly dark Juice – Sweet and bitter, bland flavour, colour – green, slight aroma.
Box Apple
Breadfruit When ripe has sweet flavour (by October). Shape – irregular round, flattened, conic, ribbed sometimes lopsided. Size - Medium-large to large . Skin – green turning yellow developing a brownish- red flush over much of the apple Flesh – very white, firm, retains structure on cooking Flavour – just sweet, a good distinctive strawberry flavour Aroma - Strawberry Dessert: Culinary: Has good texture when cooked and keeps its shape. Juice:
Bridgewater Pippin Makes a vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
white fleshed, sweet/sharp, juicy and firm. Desert:Juicy and firm. Culinary:Cooks to a puree.
Brimley Red
Browns Apple A vigorous, upright tree. Slow to start fruiting. Tends to biennial cropping, Flowering Period: 5 Disease Resistance: resistant to scab Crop - heavy but slow to start cropping. Drops when ripe. Fruit –Size – medium 45-55mm Shape - flat, round Stem - long thick projecting distinctly. Cavity – deep shallow wide Eye basin - ribbed open. Calyx – open sepals, upright long green grey reflexed tips Skin – smooth shiny yellow/green Flush – always complete bright red dark red flecked diffuse short stripes long stripes Lenticels - Russet – none . Flesh –Texture – juicy, firm, tough skin Colour – greenish white, tinged pink Taste –Full Sharp sweet, sharp Aroma – scented Uses – Dessert – N/A Culinary – N/A Cider – A very valuable sharp, Vintage quality. Juice – reddish, sharp/sweet, thin.
Burrow Hill Early Moderately vigorous tree, Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: resistant to scab
Yellow striped, bright red apple. Cider:Full Bittersweet
Camelot Vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Large pale yellow apple,with sharp flavour. Culinary:Cooks to a golden pure: Cider: Mild Bittersharp
Cap Of Liberty Size – small <45mm Shape - conical waisted lopsided Stem - long thin projecting distinctly/considerably. Cavity - deep, wide. Eye basin - ribbed beading closed. Calyx - closed sepals, grey reflexed tips. Skin – smooth, dry, dull, pale. Flush – complete, pink/orange diffuse, dark red short and long stripes Lenticels - small conspicuous few. Russet – slight, stem only. Flesh –texture – juicy, fine, crisp, chewy Colour – creamy taste – bitter sharp Aroma – slight Culinary - no Dessert - no Juice - pink tinge, pale clear, sharp with sweet aftertaste. Cider -
Captain Broad A vigorous tree, traditionally grown from cuttings. Flowering Period: ?
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Pale green fruit, with slight flush and russeting. Bittersweet Cider:
Carhampton Pippin
Chacewater Longstem
Cheddar Cross Moderately vigorous tree. A cross between Allington Pippin and Star of Devon. Flowering Period: 1
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab but prone to mildew
Medium, flat round fruit. Cream with dark pink stripes and russeting Subacid Dessert
Chisel Jersey
Colemans Seedling Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab A heavy cropper
Size – medium 45-55mm Shape - round conical lopsided Stem – short, thick, within cavity. Cavity – shallow, wide Eye - basin – puckered, unevenly bumpy, closed. Calyx - closed sepals, green broken Skin – rough, dry, dull, yellow/green Flush – frequent Dessert – no Culinary – no Juice – juice yellow, cloudy, sweet/sharp . Cider -
Colloget Pippin Moderately vigorous tree Flowering Period: Early to mid
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab producing apples, flushed and striped red.
large, yellow/green. Sharp A soft apple that will not keep very long. Culinary: Cooks to a brisk golden puree. Cider:Produces a light dry cider.
Cornish Aromatic Moderate growth, can be biennial disease resistance – good scab and canker resistance flowering period - 4 blossom - crop - moderate shape - conical size - medium to large skin - rough yellow with red flush over two thirds, large russet patches, russet lenticels flesh – white and crisp flavour – sweet, sub acid, nutty and aromatic. Often excellent if dry, but can sometimes be chewy and flavourless, possibly in wet cloudy summers aroma - aromatic Dessert – sweet and nutty, very juicy Culinary – N/A Cider – not normally used Juice – light and refreshing flavour
Cornish Garden Cooker
Cornish Gilliflower Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Some scab resistance but susceptible to canker. Partial tip bearer.
A very distinctive oblong-conical shaped apple Sweet, intensely aromatic and rich. Becomes flowery with age Dessert
Cornish Honeypin Vigorous trees Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
predominantly yellow apples. Very sweet soft flesh. Dessert
Cornish Longstem A small, hard, greenish-yellow apple. Not the best of cooking apples for flavour, but worth having in the orchard because of its excellent keeping qualities. Flowering Period: Mid to late
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sharp Culinary
Cornish Mother A very old variety, possibly one of the parents of American Mother. Flowering Period: 3 Sweet Dessert
Cornish Pine Moderate to vigorous growth, upright, spreading, annual bearer Flowering Period: Early May, Disease Resistance: Some scab resistance Crop – moderate to shy Blossom - Pretty delicate blossom shape – round conical, sometimes square, ribbed, size - very large. skin –yellow/green, dry, smooth and shiny, few small lenticels, slight russet around stem, spreading,dark red diffuse flush, usually over a third. flesh – yellowish/greenish, crisp becoming soft flavour – sweet and aromatic aroma - delicate Sweet, rich, slightly subacid soft flesh Dessert, Sweet and aromatic. Also used for juice.
Cornish Russet
Cornish Wine Apple
Cotehele Beauty
Court of Wick The tree is vigorous, healthy and crops reliably. Once very popular. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab and resistant to canker
A very good multi purpose high quality apple. Sub acid and rich Dessert:Good for juicing Culinary: A very good cooker. Cider:
Court Royal Vigorous, spreading tree. Flowering Period: 2 Disease Resistance: Scab resistant but prone to canker Crop - heavy but tends to be biennial. Slow to start fruiting. Size – medium 45-55mm Shape - round conical lopsided Stem – short, thick, within cavity. Cavity – shallow, wide Eye basin – puckered, unevenly bumpy, closed. Calyx - closed sepals, green broken Skin – rough, dry, dull, yellow/green Flush – frequent Dessert: Culinary: Cider: Vintage quality, fast fermenting, sweet juice, producing a light cider. Juice: Sharp, sweet yellow thick rich. Fresh slight pear aroma.
Crimson King Vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 3 Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab and resistant to canker. Medium-large apple, yellow, flushed with vivid crimson when ripe. White flesh, juicy, sharp and crisp. Medium Sharp Culinary Cider:Vintage quality, producing a light fruity cider.
Crimson Victoria Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Cider
Dabinett Rather small, twiggy tree, Heavy cropping and shade tolerant. Flowering Period: Late
Disease Resistance: Some scab resistance
Small/medium fruit that is greenish-yellow, flushed dull red stripes. Medium Bittersweet Cider: A vintage quality, producing a full bodied cider.
Devon Crimson Queen Moderate, upright, spreading, growth. Annual bearer. Disease resistance – prone to canker, some scab resistance Flowering period – late April early May Blossom - Crop – Heavy, consistent A heavy cropping, spreading tree. Dark red skinned fruit with bloom and a tough skin. The flesh is firm and stained red. Aromatic but notrich, becoming softer and sweeter with age. Also known as 'Queenie'. Shape –flat round, ribbed, size - medium to large Skin – yellow/green, tough flush – almost complete dark red, short and flecked, grey bloom lenticels - large, prominent, grey. russet slight around stem or eye, Stem – very short, eye - basin calyx - closed Flesh – greenish, crisp juicy and stained red. becoming softer and sweeter with age. Flavour – sweet with a tang, pear and honey overtones. Aroma – fruity, aromatic and delicate. Dessert – sweet with a slight tang. Culinary – N/A Cider - useful in blends. Juice – pink, rather bland, best served chilled.
Devonshire Buckland A vigorous tree disease – Some scab resistance flowering period – early May blossom features cropping – moderate, tends to biennial crop. shape – flat round, medium size. skin – dull, pale yellowish green flush - light red flush covering a third. Russet - slight around stem cavity, lenticels - very few stem – short stubby, within cavity. Cavity - deep wide eye - basin – unevenly bumpy, open deep. Calyx – short, brown very open sepals, flesh – greenish white and crisp, juicy flavour – sharp/sweet and aromatic aroma – aromatic, honey scented dessert – sharp and aromatic culinary – cooks to a lemon puree of good texture and becomes sweeter when cooked. cider - not usually used juice - pale lemon, sweet/acid, thin, cloudy, no aroma
Devonshire Quarrenden Moderate growth, upright, spreading, Disease resistance –prone to canker, some scab resistance, Flowering period – late April to early May blossom - susceptible to late spring frosts. Crop – biennial bearer, heavy every other year Flowering Period: 2 size - small/medium Shape –flat round Stem - eye - basin, Skin – pale yellowish green, Becomes greasy. flush - brownish purple with dark crimson stripes, slight bloom. lenticels - brown Some russet around stem basin Flesh – greenish white, texture - crisp and juicy, but soon goes soft flavour –sweet/sharp with a distinctive fresh strawberry/winey taste aroma - aromatic Dessert: Eat straight off the tree. Sweet/sharp with a distinctive fresh strawberry/winey taste Culinary: N/A Cider: Good in an early blend Juice: Pleasant, sweet with a slight tang, tinged pink
Devonshire Red
Dons Delight large vigorous, upright, spreading, annual bearer disease resistance – good scab and canker resistance flowering period – early May blossom – very pretty crop - moderate to heavy size - very large shape –flattened, conical, lopsided, ribbed stem- fairly long, projecting distinctly. Cavity – deep eye – open. Basin - small, pinched, crowned and furrowed skin – smooth, slightly greasy, pale green/yellow. flush - >more than a third pink/orange, flecked and speckled bright red, thin red short stripes usually at base. lenticels - small, conspicuous. russet - slight, scabby gold ochre in cavity. flesh – colour – greenish/white texture - crisp, juicy flavour –sub-acid. rich aroma – slight dessert – N/A culinary – outstanding, mildly acid flavour cider - could be useful in a blend juice flavour - flavour – pleasantly sub-acid. Colour Recommendations:
Dove
Dufflin lowering Period: Mid Disease Resistance: Scab resistant Size – medium 45-55mm Shape - oblate conical Stem – long, projecting considerably. Cavity – deep, narrow Eye - basin - five crowned, unevenly bumpy, open shallow. Calyx - open sepals upright, grey reflexed tips Skin – smooth, waxy, yellow Flush – none Lenticels – many, conspicuous grey Russet – distinct marking around eye which is slightly raised Flesh –Texture – woolly, firm Colour – creamy Taste – sharp, slightly bitter Aroma – vinous, robust, refreshing Full Bittersharp High sugar content. Good for blending. Dessert - N/A Culinary - N/A Cider - full bittersharp, good for blending Juice - thick yellow, browns quickly, sharp with some sweetness. high sugar content.
Duke of Cornwall A small tree with a dense head becoming flat topped. Very resistant to scab. Flowering period - Mid to late Blossom - Crop - good Shape – round conical, smoothly ribbed, sometimes lop-sided, crowned at basin. Medium size. Skin - green turning yellow and developing a spotted red flush, no russet instead a glaucous sheen. Flesh – white, firm Flavour - acid, sharp Aroma -sharp Dessert – very sharp in October Culinary - acid flavour, keeps shape. Cider – qualities not known Juice – qualities not known
Dunkerton Late Sweet Moderately vigorous tree. Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Cider: The juice is sweet and low in tannin. Produces a light fruity cider
Early Blenheim Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
A large flat/round fruit similar to Blenheim Orange but earlier. Dessert: Culinary:
Ellis Bitter Vigorous. Flowering Period: 4 Disease Resistance: Some resistance to scab and canker. crop: Heavy. prone to biennial cropping. Size – medium 45-55mm Shape – oblate, angular, lopsided Stem - short thick, within cavity. Cavity – shallow, wide Eye - basin – puckered, open. Calyx – deep. open sepals, broken tips Skin – smooth, sticky, pale yellow. Flush – always >third pink/orange diffuse, bright red/dark red short and long stripes Lenticels – few, large, conspicuous Russet – slight, stem, spreading Flesh – Texture – dry, chewy. fine Colour – creamy Taste – bitter, sweet Aroma – woody Fruit medium sized. Drops when ripe. Dessert - Culinary - N/A Cider - Medium Bittersweet. Juice - Ochre yellow, sweet, bitter
Exeter Cross Moderately vigorous tree. Good cropper. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium sized. Flat-round, greenish yellow, striped and flushed scarlet. Prone to cracking. Sub acid Dessert:
Fair Maid of Devon Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Size large 55-65mm Shape, conical lopsided stem - short thick, cavity - shallow, wide, eye - basin ribbed deep open, sepals upright open Skin – smooth, sticky dull yellow/green colour, flush always >third pink/orange, diffuse, bright red flecked short stripes, lenticels - grey large conspicuous. russet - stem slight, spreading. Flesh –colour greenish, taste - sharp, tangy, texture - crisp juicy, fine Aroma – slight Cider - produces a high percentage of vintage quality juice Juice – sharp slightly sweet yellow fresh aroma
Fairfield Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet/sharp Dessert
Farmers Glory Vigorous grower making a large tree. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab producing clean apples without spraying.
Sharp becoming sweet with age Dessert: Culinary:
Fillbarrel Moderately vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Small, conical, red flushed, russeted. Mild Bittersweet Cider:
Four Square
Glass Apple A vigorous tree. Flowering Period: Early to mid
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Juicy and crisp. Sweet/sharp Dessert: Culinary:
Golden Ball Flowering Period: Late
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium Sharp Cider
Golden Bittersweet Vigorous tree, Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Large golden fruit flecked with russet. Flesh is juicy and soft. Cider:Bittersweet
Golden Knob Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
A small russeted apple of excellent flavour. Sweet, nutty, intense Dessert:
Goring Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sharp fruit, which nevertheless has high sugar content. Cider:
Grand Sultan Flowering Period: Early to mid
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Very large fruit. Sweet Dessert:
Greasy Butcher Flowering Period: Mid Red skinned
GrowBiNights
Halstow Natural Flowering Period: Early to mid Size - large 55-65mm Shape - round flat stem - long thick projecting slightly, cavity - shallow wide eye basin - pinched closed, Calyx - closed, sepals - green, reflexed/tips closed Skin – sticky, colour - pale yellow, flush - always >third pink/orange diffuse, short, dull red flecks and stripes Lenticels - grey, small russet - stem only slight spreading Flesh – colour, creamy white, taste - sharp, texture - juicy crisp firm /thin skin Aroma – aromatic refreshing slight Sweet Cider Juice – Sharp, some sweetness pale yellow, clear thin.
Hangy Down Small, pendular tree. Flowering Period: Early
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab Heavy cropping
Sweet Dessert
Harry Masters Jersey Growth - Compact tree of weak vigour. Disease Resistance - resistant to scab Flowering Period: Mid to late cropping - Heavy, fruit drop when ripe Size – medium 45-55mm Shape - conical Stem - short thick, within cavity. Cavity – shallow, wide Eye basin – bumpy, closed, shallow. Calyx - closed sepals, grey reflexed tips Skin – smooth, dry, dull, yellow/green Flush – always >third, bright red diffuse, dark red flecked, short stripes Lenticels - small few Russet – slight, stem only Flesh –Texture – chewy fine woody, firm Colour – white greenish Taste - sweet and bitter Aroma – none Dessert - N/A Culinary - N/A Cider: Vintage quality, medium bittersweet Juice - Pale yellow browns quickly sweet, thin, bitter.
Hoary Morning Moderately vigorous, good cropping tree. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Large, flat fruit, with red stripes on greenish-yellow. Sweet/sharp Dessert: Culinary: Cooks to a sweet, quite rich flavour and keeps its shape.
Hockings Green A very good West Country apple tolerant of the wind and rain. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab and canker.
Sharp and plain but good after storage. At its best, as an eater at Christmas. Dessert: Culinary: When cooked is sweet and light and keeps its shape.
Hollow Core Tree is very vigorous in habit. Flowering Period: Mid Size large 55-65mm Shape, flat round ribbed/slight pronounced stem, short thick within basin, cavity - deep, wide. eye basin - unevenly bumpy open. calyx - open, closed greens epals Skin – smooth waxy, colour - pale yellow/green, flush always >third pink/orange, dark/bright red short stripes Lenticels - conspicuous small grey. Russet, none Flesh –colour creamy white, taste, sweet slightly sharp spicy, fresh texture juicy crisp firm/ thin skin, becomes light and fluffy. Aroma – refreshing fruity Dessert - Large good looking, best straight from the tree. Culinary Juice – Sweet/sharp yellow/brown interesting flavour
Ice Apple Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sharp Culinary
Improved Dove
Improved Keswick Flowering Period: Mid Sweet/sharp Dessert/Culinary
Improved Lambrook Pippin
Jimmy Oliver
John Broad
Johnny Andrews Flowering Period: Mid to late
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet Cider
Johnny Voun Growth - Moderate, spreading. Disease Resistance: some Scab resistance. Flowering Period: Early Crop - moderate to heavy. Size - medium 45-55mm to large 55-65mm Shape –round, flat, lopsided, ribbed Stem – short Cavity - Eye – basin - puckered, closed. Calyx – Skin – yellow, dry, dull bloom, greasy on storing. Flush – always complete, dark red Lenticels – large white, conspicuous Russet – slight round stem Flesh – Texture - fine, soft. dry Colour – creamy, with red blotches. Taste – sweet, vinous, skin bitter Aroma – slightly refreshing, fruity Apples dark red with bloom and pink blush in the flesh. The skin is greasy. Sweet Dessert - Sweet and crunchy Culinary - N/A Cider – useful in early blends, gives a dark colour Juice – thick, sweet, banana flavoured. Attractive dark red colour.
Killerton Sharp Flowering Period: 3
Diesease Resistance: Prone to scab
Sharp Cider
Killerton Sweet Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Cider
King Byerd Vigorous heavy cropping tree, producing large fruit. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Susceptible to scab
Sweet/sharp Dessert/Culinary: Sweet when cooked
Kingston Bitter Vigorous, heavy cropping tree Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium Bittersweet Cider
Kingston Black Slow to start fruiting. Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Susceptible to both scab and canker

Believed to be named after the village of Kingston St Mary near Taunton, Somerset. One of the best vintage quality cider apples, producing a full bodied, single variety cider. Slow to start fruiting.

Size – medium 45-55mm Shape – flat, conical, lopsided Stem - short thick, within cavity. Cavity – deep, wide Eye basin – bumpy, open, shallow. Calyx - grey open sepals Skin – smooth dry shiny yellow/green Flush – always >third, bright red, diffuse under dark red short stripes. Russet variable either eye or stem and netted Lenticels - grey large conspicuous many Russet – variable, either eye or stem and netted Flesh – Texture –crisp chewy fine Colour – greenish white Taste – sweet bitter sharp Aroma – sharp Dessert – N/A Culinary – N?A Cider – A full bodied, single variety. Medium bittersharp Juice – Pale yellow, browns quickly, sharp sweet aftertaste
Kirton Fair Growth - weak, spreading Disease Resistance: Susceptible to scab. Flowering Period: Early Crop: moderate See description on Listener. Dessert: One to be eaten of the tree or juiced as it will not keep.
Langworthy A good, reliable cropper. Flowering Period: Mid
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium Sharp Cider:
Limberlimb Growth: Vigorous, spreading Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab Flowering Period: Crop: Heavy Size – very large >65mm Shape – flat, round Stem - long thin projecting considerably. Cavity – shallow, wide Eye basin – ribbed, five crowned, closed. Calyx - closed sepals green Skin –smooth, dry, dull, thin skin Flush – rare, trace, pink diffuse Lenticels - large grey many Russet – slight, stem and eye spreading netted Flesh – Texture – dry, crisp Colour – creamy Taste – very sweet taste Aroma – Dessert: very sweet Culinary: Cooks well
Listener A weak growing spreading tree, not very tall. Annual bearer, some years better than others. Very susceptible to scab. Flowering period - 1/2 30th April. Blossom – pale pink. Cropping - variable Shape – oblate, ribbed. Medium size Skin – smooth, waxy, yellow/green, no flush, no russet Flesh – crisp and creamy when just off the tree, then dry and woolly. Yellowish in colour. Flavour – tangy to begin with then sweet, banana flavour. Can sometimes be bitter, particularly the skin. Aroma - none Dessert – acceptable just off the tree, too much like cotton wool after a few days. Culinary – N/A Juice – surprisingly pleasant when made just off the tree, becomes very sweet later. Cider – used for early cider ready by Christmas, probably quite light
Longkeeper A very hardy tree. Flowering Period: Mid to late
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
The fruit is large, pale yellow with some russet. A little chewy. Sweet to subacid Dessert:
Longstem Flowering Period: Late
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Full Bittersweet Cider
Lucombe's Pine Vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab
A medium sized golden fruit with fine russet specks. Rich , aromatic, pineapple like flavour Dessert: Juice: Good for juicing producing a high quality juice.
Lucombes Seedling Tree of weak vigour. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Little scab resistance
large, pale green/yellow apples with some red streaks/flush. Crisp becoming soft when kept. Sub acid and spicey Dessert: Cider: Early, light Juice:
Magnum Bonum Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Major A moderately vigorous, spreading tree, that crops well without pruning. Heavy but biennial cropping. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant but prone to canker.
Full bittersweet Cider: vintage quality.
Merchant Apple Moderately vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium sized apple, very pretty - flushed dark red. Tasty but chewy. Sweet to subacid Dessert:
Morgan Sweet Vigorous, heavy cropping tree. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Resistant to scab.
Large, green/yellow apples. Sweet Dessert: Juice: high yield. Cider: Will produce a light, fruity cider before Christmas.
Nine Square Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Medium sized, flat/round fruit. Skin ight green. Sweet Dessert: Culinary:
No Pip Flowering Period: Disease Resistance: resistant to scab Size very large >65mm Shape - round flat angular stem - short, within cavity - shallow, wide eye basin - ribbed five crowned open, calyx - closed, sepals reflexed/tips Skin – smooth, waxy, dull. Colour - yellow/green, flush - always Dessert: Sharp, fresh mild Culinary: Breaks up to a puree, yellow/ greenish translucent, tangy, mild no aroma. Juice: Sharp tangy slightly sweet pale green refreshing slight perfume.
Northcott Superb Flowering Period: Early
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab but prone to canker
Sweet Dessert
Northwood Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Fruit –Size medium 45-55mm Shape - round, flat stem - short, thick, projecting slightly. Cavity - shallow, wide eye basin - broad shallow, crowned. Calyx - open,open long grey sepals, reflexed tips Skin – smooth, dry, shiny. colour - pale yellow/green, flush frequent, Dessert - Flavour Sweet and bitter Culinary - Flavour not used Cider - soft and fruity Juice - Sweet, slightly sharp/bitter, pale yellow, hint of pineapple thick
Oaken Pin Upright, medium vigor Disease resistance, some resistance to codlin moth, prone to mildew Flowering period - early May. Blossom features - Cropping - light cropper Disease Resistance: Some scab resistance, prone to canker on weaker rootstocks. Size - medium 45-55mm Shape - oval/conical, elliptical distinctive Stem - long thick projecting distinctly. Cavity - shallow. Eye basin - ribbed, open. Calyx - open. Sepals - green reflexed/tips Skin – smooth, dry. Colour - pale yellow. Flush - always >third pink/orange diffuse, bright red short stripes. Lenticels - conspicuous, small, grey. Russet - slight stem only. Skin chewy. Flesh –colour - creamy yellow. Taste – sweet, aromatic. Texture - dry crisp firm. Aroma – scented, slight. Dessert: Sweet and aromatic Juice: Sweet sub acid pinkish yellow, honey aroma
Old Somerset Russet Tree of weak vigour. Flowering Period: 5
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium sized fruit, russeted Brisk with good pineapple flavour Dessert:
Paignton Marigold Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
A pretty apple. Medium sized, flat, yellow, flushed and striped red. Medium Bittersweet Cider
Pascoes Pippin Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet/sharp Dessert/Culinary
Payhembury Growth: Disease Resistance: resistant to scab Flowering Period: Crop: Size - large 55-65mm Shape - round ribbed lopsided Stem - short thick projecting slightly. Cavity - Ribbed round stem Eye basin ribbed five crowned pinched. Calyx - closed sepals green reflexed/tips Skin – smooth waxy shiny colour green Flush - none, darker green round eye Lenticels - small grey/green Russet - Flesh – texture juicy crisp chewy firm skin colour - greenish taste - sharp Aroma – none Dessert - very sharp Culinary - Cooks to a yellow puree, sharp translucent bland Cider - useful sharp Juice - sharp browns quickly green woody aroma bland
Pear Apple Medium height, upright, moderate growth. Pest and disease resistance – some scab Flowering period 1/2 early, late April Blossom – pale pink with darker outer petals Cropping – moderate/heavy often bienniel Shape – Reverse pear, long, large. Skin – Dry becoming waxy very quickly. Yellow/ green colour with small grey lenticels. Russet on stem or eye only. Flush, usually a trace, diffuse pink/orange. Flesh – Crisp and tender, creamy. Yellowish colour, skin tough/chewy and bitter Flavour – sweet, fruity with a tang when just ripe. Aroma – pear scented, fruity. Dessert – sweet, goes woolly quickly. Culinary –cooks to a pale yellow fluff, good for baking. Juice – pleasant (best made just after picking) sweet if made after some storage. Yellow in colour, slightly scented. Cider – light, useful with other early apples.
Pendragon Flowering Period: Early
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Dessert/culinary/cider
Peter Lock Growth: vigorous Disease Resistance: resistant to scab Flowering Period: 2 Crop: large, greenish/yellow fruit. Sweet/aromatic Dessert - Good flavour being sweet and aromatic Culinary - Cooks to a sweet, golden smooth puree
Pig Snout Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet/sharp Dessert/culinary/cider
Pigs Nose Flowering Period: 3 Sweet/Sharp Dessert
Pigs Nose (type III) Flowering Period: 3
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet/sharp Dessert
Plum Vite A tall, spreading and vigorous tree. Annual bearer,prone to canker. Flowering period 1/2, early May. Pale pink blossom with darker pink buds. Good crop size. Shape - medium size, round, cylindrical. Skin - smooth, yellow/green colour with large grey lenticels. Russet mainly stem area, but occasionally spreading. Flush usual, pink/orange, diffuse. Flesh - soft, fine texture, white in colour and very juicy. Dessert. Flavour –sweet and vinous, thin. Juice. Flavour – sharp/tangy, citrusy, refreshing, thin. Probably needs a good, hot summer to be fully appreciated. Cider Useful as an early sharp cider.
Plympton Pippin Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Subacid Culinary
Poltimore Seedling Growth Characteristics: A very healthy, vigorous tree, Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab Flowering Period: Mid Crop size: Moderate Another seedling brought to commercial production by Thornhayes Nursery. A very healthy, vigorous tree, producing very clean, large light green apples, without having to spray. Size - very large 55-65mm Shape round ribbed lopsided Stem - short thick projecting slightly. Cavity - ribbed round stem Eye - basin - ribbed five crowned pinched. Calyx - closed sepals, green reflexed tips Skin – smooth waxy shiny light green, flush - none darker green round eye Lenticels small grey/green Flesh – texture - juicy crisp chewy firm skin colour - greenish taste - sharp Aroma – none Dessert: too sharp Culinary Cooking yellow puree sharp translucent bland Cider: too sharp for cider use Juice – sharp browns quickly green woody aroma bland
Pomeroy of Somerset Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Crisp, sweet, juicy and well flavoured. Sweet Dessert:
Ponsford Growth: Vigorous, Disease resistance: Some scab resistance and moderate resistance to canker Flowering Period: 3 Crop: Heavy Size - very large >65mm Shape – flat, round angular Stem - short thick, within cavity. Cavity - deep wide Eye - basin - unevenly bumpy open, wide and deep. Calyx – deep open sepals grey Skin – smooth sticky/greasy, grass green Flush - none/rare Lenticels - small conspicuous many Russet – slight around stem, spreading Flesh – Texture – fine, soft creamy very juicy Colour – greenish yellow Taste – sharp Aroma – scented Dessert - no Culinary - cooks to a fluff, pale yellow, scented refreshing. flavour – sharp, some sweetness Cider - useful late sharp Juice - Sharp, aromatic taste, scented.
Quarry Apple Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Fruit –Size large 55-65mm Shape - conical ribbed stem - short thick projecting slightly. Cavity, deep wide. Eye basin puckered, unevenly bumpy closed calyx, long closed sepals Skin – smooth dry dull colour, yellow/green. Flush, none. Lenticels small, brown. Russet, stem or eye only, spreading, netted. Flesh – colour - white, taste - sharp, texture - dry soft Aroma – none Dessert Flavour - Sharp Culinary – sweet sub acid, yellow brown puree. very pleasant taste. Cider - N/A Juice - sharp thick yellow, no aroma
Queens Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Dessert
Quench Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Dessert
Red Rattler Flowering Period: Early
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet Dessert
Red Roller Flowering Period: Early to mid Sweet Dessert
Red Ruby Flowering Period: Mid to late
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet Dessert
Reverend McCormick Shape – large 55-65mm flat round conical, slightly ribbed, pronounced Skin – rough, dry, dull, pale yellow/green. Lenticels – brown, large conspicuous. Russet – slight, eye only, spreading. Stem – thick medium, projecting slightly. Basin – deep, wide. Eye – ribbed, closed sepals. Calyx – closed green reflexed tips. Flush – frequent, more than a third, short stripes. Flesh – juicy, firm, creamy, tough skin, sweet, fresh, tangy. Aroma – slight, refreshing aromatic. Uses – Dessert – sweet slightly sharp. Culinary – N/A Cider – not usually Juice – Sweet/sharp very yellow clear
Royal Somerset Flowering Period: Mid to late
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Juicy, sweet Culinary/cider
Royal Wilding Flowering Period: Early Bittersweet Cider
Sercombes Natural Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Mild Bittersweet Cider
Sheeps Nose No 3 Flowering Period: Mid to late Mild sharp Cider/culinary
Slack ma Girdle Growth characteristics: Disease Resistance: Scab resistant Flowering Period: 2 Crop size: Heavy, biannual A medium, flat round apple, greenish yellow and streaked crimson. Size – large 55-65mm Shape – flat, round, lopsided, ribbed slightly Stem – thick, medium, projecting slightly. Cavity – deep, wide Eye - basin – ribbed, pinched, closed. Calyx – deep, closed sepals, grey broken Skin – smooth, dry, shiny, green Flush – always >third, dark red short and long stripes Lenticels - few small green Russet – stem only Flesh –Texture – chewy, crisp, fine Colour – greenish white Taste – sweet Aroma – none Dessert – sweet and crisp Culinary – N/A Cider – Good in a blend Juice – pale yellow, browns quickly, sweet, thin, juicy
Somerset Redstreak Moderately vigorous, upright. Heavy cropping. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Medium sized, red stripped fruit, Mild Bittersweet Cider:
Sops in Wine A vigorous heavy cropping tree. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Prone to scab and powdery mildew. Resistant to canker.
Medium sized, round and dark red. The flesh is stained red inside and is sweet, soft and juicy. Very pretty with purple leaves and purple flowers. very pretty fruit. Dessert: Soft Texture Culinary: Cooks to a pink puree. Cider: Early
Sour Bay Flowering Period: Late
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sharp Cider
Spotted Dick Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Mild Bittersweet Cider
Star of Devon A moderately vigorous tree. Flowering Period: ?
Disease Resistance: Prone to scab.
Medium, conical, red and yellow. A sweet, crisp and juicy. Thin flavour. Dessert: Juice:
Stockbearer Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sharp Culinary, Cider
Stoke Red Moderately vigorous, spreading tree. Slow to start fruiting, but heavy cropping. bienniel Shade tolerant. Flowering Period: 1
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab but prone to mildew
Small-medium, bright red. Medium Bittersharp Cider: Vintage quality
Strawberry Pippin Flowering Period: Early to mid Medium size,striped and flushed red. Juicy crisp, Sweet Dessert:
Sugar Bush Flowering Period: Early to mid
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Soft, sweet flesh Dessert: Cider: Early
Sugar Loaf Flowering Period: Mid to late
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Dessert/Cider
Sweet Alford A large, heavy bearing tree. Small-medium fruit, conical, pale yellow, blushed pink and waxy. Sweet Cider: vintage quality Juice: good flavoured.
Sweet Bay Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet Cider
Sweet Cleave Growth characteristics: Moderate, spreading, Disease Resistance: Scab resistant Flowering Period: Early Crop size: Moderate to heavy, consistent. Size - medium 45-55mm Shape - flat round ribbed/slight pronounced Stem - short thick within cavity. Cavity - deep shallow Eye basin - ribbed closed deep. Calyx – closed sepals, reflexed tips brown Skin – dry, shiny, greenish-yellow Flush - always complete bright red, dark red diffuse Lenticels - grey small conspicuous Russet – conspicuous spreading Flesh - Texture – crisp firm Colour – white greenish Taste – sub acid, sweet honey flavoured, slightly bitter. Aroma – scented Dessert: Sweet/sub acid, honey flavour Culinary: Cider: good in a blend Juice - Clear pale yellow browns quickly, sweet full flavour, scented
Sweet Coppin Moderately vigorous, spreading tree. Disease Resistance: Some Scab and canker resistance. Flowering Period: 3 Crop size: Moderate to heavy. can be biennial Size - medium 45-55mm Shape – round, conical, lopsided Stem - medium projecting distinctly. Cavity – shallow, wide Eye - basin - unevenly bumpy open shallow. Calyx – open sepals Skin – smooth dry, pale yellow/green Flush - usual Dessert: Sweet and juicy Cider: Vintage quality cider Juice: Pale yellow, sweet and bitter, browns quickly
Tale Sweet Vigorous tree Flowering Period: Early to mid
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Mild Bittersweet Cider
Tan Harvey A heavy cropping tree. Flowering Period: Early to mid
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Small, yellow, with orange flush. Bittersweet Cider
Taunton Cross A vigorous, compact tree. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Medium flat, round. Maroon flush on green. Sweet/Sharp Dessert
Taunton Fair Maid Flowering Period: 2
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Size large 55-65mm Shape, round flat stem - short, thick within basin, cavity - shallow wide eye basin - pinched, unevenly bumpy, closed. Caylx - closed, sepals green reflexed, tips closed Skin – smooth shiny colour, pale white/yellow translucent flush - frequent trace pink/orange, diffuse brown Lenticels brown small russet - slight, eye only spreading Flesh –colour - white, taste - sharp fresh sweet texture - juicy crisp firm Aroma – slight perfumed Cider Juice – Sweet sub acid yellow thin, clear
Tidicombe Seedling compact habit, suitable for wetter and colder sites, Disease resistance - some scab and canker resistance. Flowering period, Early to mid blossom features Cropping - good Flowering Period: Size - medium (75 x 60-65) Shape - round, rounded base, very slight trace of well rounded ribs regular can be lop-sided Stem - Cavity. Tube: funnel shaped, though can be flattened to nearly a cone. Eye - Fairly narrow, only just wider than the open eye. Stamens visible, sepals separated at base and fairly short, reflexed or broken-off. regular, trace of ribs into basin, basin - Calyx – Skin – dry and slightly textured. Colour - dull green maturing to golden yellow, Flush - ¾ covered with scarlet dots and flecks, with a scattering of broken stripes of a darker red. Lenticels - Some lenticels of pale grey russet. Russet – Covered ¼ to ½ with fine pale grey-brown russet; coverage either as large areas or many broken patches, and these allow underlying yellow and scarlet to be seen. Flesh –Texture – Fine, crisp, fairly juicy. Colour – cream-white. Taste – Sweet good acid balance and rich flavour. Aroma – slight. Dessert – very fine Juice – a good balance
Tom Putt Vigorous, spreading heavy cropping tree. Flowering Period: 2/early
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant. Prone to canker and apple sawfly.
Medium/large, round/conical. Skin pale greenish yellow, flushed/striped bright red, greasy. Crisp and juicy with course-textured flesh. sharp/acidic. Shape: Flattened conical, broad base, narrow nose, strongly ribbed, irregular. Desert: Culinary: Cider: Juice:
Tommy Knight Moderately vigorous, twiggy tree. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Shape - Small, flat round. Crisp,juicy and firm, Sweet/sharp at first, but really ready to eat in December, when sweet. Dessert: Sweet/sharp at first, then sweet. Cider:
Totnes Apple Flowering Period: Early to mid Size - very large >65mm Shape - flat round, /slightly ribbed stem - thick projecting slightly. cavity - large broad. eye basin - large broad deep, calyx- closed, crowned sepals short gappy Skin – smooth slightly waxy, colour - pale yellow/green, flush - always >third diffuse orange, bright red flecked, short stripes, lenticels - small grey, russet - stem slight spreading to eye Flesh –texture - juicy crisp fine firm tough skin, colour - creamy white, taste - sweet sub acid fresh Aroma – scented slight woody Dessert Culinary does not break up completely no aroma yellow sharp Cider Juice lemon yellow sharp, pleasantly tangy
Town Farm No. 59 Flowering Period: Mid
Diesease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Cider
Tregonna King Vigorous tree and good cropping, but tends to be biennial. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant but susceptible to canker
Large golden fruit, flushed red and orange and dotted russet. Sweet Dessert: Flavour is best if kept until after Christmas. Culinary:
Tremletts Bitter A moderately vigorous, upright, spreading tree. Heavy cropping, biennial. Flowers very frost resistant. Flowering Period: 2
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
A medium sized, conical fruit , that drops when ripe. Deep red.Full Bittersweet Very high tannin content. Cider: Good quality single variety cider
Upton Pyne Upright, heavy cropping, moderately vigorous tree. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Can be prone to scab in damper conditions
Large, oblong fruit. Golden yellow colour and striped pink. The flesh is crisp and juicy, sweet/sub acid and aromatic. Dessert: A very tasty apple. Culinary:Cooks to a puree, with a brisk taste and a hint of pineapple.
Vallis Apple Flowering Period: Early to mid Sharp Dessert/Cider
Veitches Perfection Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Sweet/sharp Dessert/Culinary
Vicary's Late Keeping Flowering Period: ? Sharp Culinary
Warrior Flowering Period: Early to mid
Diesease Resistance: Very resistant to scab
Dessert/Culinary
White Close Pippin A large heavy cropping tree. Flowering Period: Late
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Sweet Cider: Produces a cider of good body and aroma.
White Jersey A moderately vigorous tree Heavy but biennial cropping. A pale yellow apple of small to medium size that drop from the tree when ripe. Mild Bittersweet Cider: Useful for blending. Juice: A sweet mildly astringent juice.
Winter Lawrence Flowering Period: ? Subacid Dessert
Winter Stubbard Spreading moderately vigorous tree Flowering Period: 4 Disease Resistance: Scab resistant Size -medium/large 45-55mm Shape - conical stem - long thin projecting considerably, cavity - deep, narrow eye basin - ribbed pinched open, calyx - closed, sepals - upright long green Skin – smooth, waxy, dull, colour - yellow/green, flush - rare Culinary: Keeps its shape when cooked. Sweet/sub acid. Cider Juice: Kweet sub acid, tangy, delicate scent greenish yellow.
Woolbrook Pippin Moderately vigorous, upright tree. Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab and canker resistant
A crisp, juicy sweet/sub acid apple, that is slightly aromatic. Dessert
Woolbrook Russet Flowering Period: 3
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Large apples doted with russet. Sweet/Sharp Culinary: A rich late cooker with a sweet/acid taste.
Yarlington Mill A moderately vigorous tree, upright and slow to start fruiting. A heavy cropper, but biennial. Flowering Period: 4
Disease Resistance: Scab resistant
Small/medium, conical, drops when ripe and pale yellow in colour. Mild Bittersweet Cider: A high vintage quality juice producing a cider of good flavour and aroma.
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